6家顶级景观设计公司分享“景观与基础设施” | 第四届上海景观论坛演讲回顾

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主题:景观与基础设施

LANDSCAPE AND INFRASTRUCTURE



上海景观论坛于2017年由Sasaki, AECOM 和 SWA 三家公司发起,之后ASPECT Studios, SOM等多家在中国开设办公室的国际性景观公司相继加入并参与组织。景观论坛旨在提升景观行业的影响力,并推进世界及行业的可持续发展。上海景观论坛的使命为:开拓新的实践,以催化设计创新、影响政策变革;提升公众对于景观重要贡献的认识;倡导景观行业,使之汇入社会进步的主流推动力。


Shanghai Landscape Forum was initiated by Sasaki, AECOM and SWA in 2017, and joined by other leading international landscape architecture practices operating in China, such as ASPECT Studios and SOM. The aim is to promote the landscape profession and build a more sustainable tomorrow, not only for the world around us, but also for the profession. The mission of Shanghai Landscape Forum is to pioneer new practices that result in design innovation and influence on policy transformation, raise public awareness of landscape architecture’s vital contribution, and advocate landscape architecture into the mainstream driving force for social progress.

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640-5.jpeg第四届上海景观论坛于2018年9月20日在上海机遇中心举办。演讲嘉宾基于自身在中国的实践经验,结合不同尺度下的景观案例,与观众分享并探讨了其设计团队对基础设施的理解,带领观众一同探索如何将基础设计和谐融入到自然与场地中,如何有效发挥基础设施的积极作用,如何运用新颖的设计理念与领先的设计方法来改善老旧基础设施,使其重新焕发光彩等话题。


The Forth Shanghai Landscape Forum was held at Shanghai AIO Space on September 20th, 2018. The presenters shared and discussed their understanding of infrastructure through different scales of landscape projects, based on their practice in China. The presentations led the audiences to explore professional topics such as how to integrate infrastructure harmoniously with nature and site; how to make infrastructure work efficiently; and how to improve and bring new life to old infrastructures via creative design principles and pioneering design approaches.   

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640-7.jpeg此次论坛由ASPECT Studios主持,邀请到来自SOM, ATKINS, SASAKI, SWA, AECOM和 HASSELL 共6家顶尖国际景观设计公司的演讲嘉宾。此外,18家行业内媒体受主办方邀请与其展开战略合作, 对此次活动进行前期宣传与后期报道。上海机遇中心、UAP、BRICKFORM和KOMPAN作为本次活动的赞助商出席,一起助力上海景观论坛。让我们一起来回顾当晚精采的演讲议程:


ASPECT Studios acted as the host of this forum. Landscape architects from six international landscape design firms, including SOM, ATKINS, Sasaki, SWA, AECOM and HASSELL presented. 18 medias were invited to collaborate with the forum and report the event. Shanghai AIO Space, UAP, BRICKFORM and KOMPAN sponsored the forth forum. Let’s review some of the highlights of this event.


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主题:大堤:基础设施或公园 - 黄河国家湿地公园设计项目

公司名:SOM

演讲嘉宾:余晗,资深景观设计师

Topic: Levee: Infrastructure or Park - Yellow River National Wetland Park

Company: SOM

Presenter: Han Yu, Senior Landscape Designer


640-10.jpegSOM的演讲以济南市的黄河大堤为例, 讨论了如何将公园系统整合到大型线性基础设施中。


SOM’s presentation focuses on how a park system can be integrated into a large-scale linear infrastructure, in this case, the levee. The yellow river levee across Jinan city is used as the example.


伴随着济南北跨发展,黄河将成为济南流动的中央公园,成为一笔联系新兴的北部新旧动能转换先行区和济南历史城区的巨大财富。


With the City of Jinan expanding across the river, the Yellow River becomes the Flowing Central Park of Jinan, a great asset that connects the emerging new North City and the historic city.


项目从三个不同尺度研究了黄河大堤与堤坝间生态带。分别是 183 公里的市域尺度,30km 城区尺度和 4km 公园尺度。 市域尺度侧重于黄河的生态恢复的讨论。 城区尺度提供了一系列设计策略,将黄河走廊打造为公共开放空间,加强黄河与城市的联系。 这些设计策略在之后选定的启动区公园中得到具体反映,这是该研究的第三个尺度。


The levee and the ecological belt between the levee were studied at three different scales - the 183km regional scale, the 30km city scale and 4km park scale. The first scale focuses on ecological restoration of Yellow River. A series of strategies were provided at the second scale, to promote the yellow river corridor as public open space and enhancing the connection with the city. These strategies were later implemented in a selected start up park area, which is the third layer of the study. 


黄河大堤一直以来都是纯粹的防洪基础设施,往往被视为障碍,或穿行的道路。 但在这个项目中,它被定义为一个景观元素,将黄河景观带中多样化的公园,森林,湿地和农田串联起来。 设计将大堤顶部道路通过交通和景观策略进行改造,例如在交通繁忙的城市地区将堤顶路改道绕行城市,在车流较少的区域加宽堤坝道路,为自行车和行人提供空间,同时在保障防洪安全的前提下,在堤围处设置广场,提供公园设施,创造更好的景观和活动区域。


The Yellow River levee was once a solely flood control infrastructure and has always been treated as a barrier, a road.  However, in this project, it becomes a landscape element that leads to diverse parks, forests, wetlands, and farmlands. The levee top road is proposed to be transformed by transportation and landscape strategies, such as rerouting levee road when it is close to the city with heavy traffic, widening the levee road in the low traffic area to include bike and pedestrian belts, meanwhile creating plazas and providing park amenities at embankment, which will allow people better views and areas for activities without compromising the primary function of the levee.

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主题: 解构重组基础设施

公司名: ATKINS

演讲嘉宾: 夏源,阿特金斯中国区景观负责人

Topic: RECODE Infrastructure-A methodology of landscape infrastructure design

Company: ATKINS

Presenter: Yuan Xia, Associate of Atkins Mainland China

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阿特金斯中国区景观负责人夏源代表公司出席了第四次上海景观论坛,并就论坛主题 “景观与基础设施“发表了《RECODE Infrastructure 解构重组基础设施》的演讲。


Xia Yuan, Landscape Associate of Atkins China, represented the company at the 4th Shanghai Landscape Forum and made a presentation on the theme "RECODE Infrastructure ".   

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夏源先生在演讲中回顾了人类不同历史时期基础设施建设的特征,并从景观专业的角度对这些特征进行拆解,将农耕时代基础设施的自然生态功能与工业时代灰色基础设施的高效保障功能相结合,重组成符合当代社会发展需求的景观基础设施,为城市健康发展提供全新的生态框架。


In his presentation, Xia yuan reviewed the characteristics of infrastructure during different historical periods, and recoded the development components of infrastructures, and then integrated the advantages of both agricultural infrastructures (ecological) and industrial infrastructures (efficient and comprehensive) via landscape approach, to recombine an elastic landscape infrastructure, which meets the needs of development of modern society, as well as to establish a new ecological framework for urban development.


他认为,这种拆解重组的过程(RECODE)可以看作是一个景观基础设施设计的方法论,并有六大原则组成,它们分别是 R-Reusable(循环利用),E-Effective(实际效用),C-Cultural(文化印记), O-Operational(便于管理), D-Diversified(复合功能), E-Economic(经济实用)。


The RECODE is treated as a methodology of landscape infrastructure design with 6 principles: Reusable, Effective, Cultural, Operational, Diversified, and Economic.


接着,夏源先生以阿特金斯设计的青岛胶东国际机场景观基础设施为案例,详细阐述了景观基础设施设计的六大原则:


Xia Yuan took Qingdao Airport - a landscape infrastructure designed by Atkins - as an example to explain the six principles in details:


1. Reusable(循环利用):景观基础设施设计应对场地内现存资源进行充分再利用。如青岛机场对表层土进行了剥离,用于未来的种植土回填;建筑及湖体施工挖出的土方用来塑造景观地形等。


Reusable: Design shall ensure that all resource within the site are at its utmost reuse rate. In this project, the design team reuses the existing surface soil and excavated soil to shape the landform.

 

2. Effective(实际效用):景观基础设施设计应在循环利用的原则基础上,结合最新的技术手段,超越灰色基础设施的效用,并保持生态的连续性。青岛机场的水系统收集净化设施与景观效果紧密结合,并在暴雨时作为滞洪及泄洪通道。


Effective: Given reusable principle, design shall apply latest technology when necessary to achieve higher efficiency and effectiveness than grey infrastructure does and ensure the continuity in ecology. Qingdao airport has designed a rainwater collection and purification system which well-integrated with landform, it will also be used as a detention area and flood drain channel during storm.

 

3. Cultural(文化印记):景观基础设施设计应融入地域文化,创造富有地域特色景观。如青岛机场的景观地形的塑造用融入最古老的” 齐 “字,并用波浪的形式阐释了地域文化特色。


Cultural: Design must take local cultural element into consideration and create a place with unique local feature. The cultural element in our project is expressed through modifying the shape of the ancient Chinese Character “QI” from two dimension to three dimension, and arranging such modification in a way that a series of wave form can be perceived, which brings additional marine cultural experience in Qingdao.

 

4. Operational(便于管理): 景观基础设施设计应提前考虑未来智能化的维护管理需求。 并结合灰色基础设施的维护管理要求统一设计。如青岛机场的植物设计以开敞的缓坡及块面组团种植为主,便于未来智能化的维护。智能灌溉的使用也将有效降低人力成本和灌溉用水量。


Operational: Design shall consider future AI maintenance and management needs as well as requirements of grey infrastructure. For example, spacious and gentle ramps are designed for the airport. It will provide convenience for future intelligent maintenance, for example intelligent irrigation. Such technology will also reduce labor costs and water consumption effectively.

 

5. Diversified(复合功能):景观基础设施设计应赋予灰色基础设施新的社会经济功能,将灰色基础设施转变成综合性的公共景观,促进人与场地的互动。 如青岛机场的中央花园地块,用景观空间处理手法统筹复杂的地上地下设施,预留了给排水和公共设施的接口,便于举办各种社交活动。


Diversified: Social, economic function shall be endowed by design to grey infrastructure, to transform grey infrastructure into multi-functional public landscape, and to encourage people interact with the space. The central garden is designed to transform the chaotic space into a new social hub, where people can interact and communicate with the site. The garden also provides utility service such water supply, plugs and other facilities to public to encourage various social activities.

 

6. Economic(经济实用):景观基础设施设计应注重与基础设施工程的合并,减少重复建设投资。 如青岛机场的景观水系统与市政管网融为一体,取代了部分传统管网,让自然做功,节省了管网系统的投资和维护成本。


Economic: Design shall fully merge landscape engineering with the different types of infrastructure, to minimize overlapping in investment and construction. Traditional concrete pipe network is replaced by new water collection and purification system, saving the investment and maintenance costs.


夏源先生希望通过“解构重组(RECODE)”的设计方法论,能够将中国基础设施的发展从效率至上的工业型基础设施,带入到融社会、经济、环境和城市空间形态为一体的生态型景观基础设施。这一转变,将进一步增加城市用地的社会、经济和生态价值,并提高基础设施的使用效能,促进中国经济的可持续发展。


By introducing RECODE methodology, Xia Yuan expressed his willingness to take the China current efficiency-oriented industrial infrastructure, into the next step: landscape infrastructure, a development which emphasizes on the integration of social, economic, environmental and urban spatial layout and ecology. This transformation would further improve the use of urban land in terms of social, economic and ecological value, enhance the effectiveness of infrastructure and catalyze the sustainable development of Chinese Economy.


演讲的最后,他强调绿色基础设施的设计一定要扬长避短,不能局限于如何最大程度的减少基础设施的负面效应,而应该聚焦于如何创造出更多的正面效应。 


At the end of presentation, Xia Yuan emphasized that the design of landscape infrastructure shall focus on how to bring more positive effects the site rather than merely minimizing the negative effects.

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主题: 明日基础设施: 对中国未来基础设施的思考

公司名: SASAKI

演讲嘉宾: 曾志强,景观设计师

Topic: Infrastructure of Tomorrow: A speculation of future Chinese Infrastructure

Company: SASAKI

Presenter: Zhiqiang Zeng, Landscape Designer